Mauritius: A trade mark judgment that will please multinationals
There were two interesting trade mark judgments in Mauritius recently. Although these judgments do not contain any ground-breaking law, they do highlight how keen the Mauritian authorities are to attract foreign investment. Part of this process seems to involve making trade mark protection and enforcement easily accessible. One way of doing that is to follow foreign precedents closely, particularly UK and European authorities.
The judgments in the cases of Shangri-La Tours Ltd v Shangri-La International Hotel Management Limited and the Controller of Industrial Property Office, 14 October 2019, were decisions of the Industrial Property Tribunal. They involved applications by a local company to cancel various trade mark registrations belonging to a foreign company. The Tribunal found against the local company, refusing to cancel the registrations of the foreign company. A number of aspects are worth noting:
- There are several references to UK and EU trade mark judgments and authorities
- The Tribunal saw fit to mention that the Parliamentary debates around the passing of the IP legislation in Mauritius showed ‘the commitment of the Government to create an investment-friendly environment in the country’ whilst also ‘meeting our obligations towards the international community’
- Dealing with the issue of whether the name Shangri-La is non-distinctive given its fairly well-established meaning of a paradise or utopia, the Tribunal said that the word has a further and different meaning resulting from the foreign company’s ‘unchallenged worldwide registration of marks (including Mauritius) that are branded with the words Shangri-La’
- The local company claimed that the foreign company’s registrations were contrary to fair trading and commercial morality - the argument was that that they gave the foreign company an unfair advantage over small, local companies. The Tribunal dismissed this claim. In doing so, it relied on various UK authorities which say that issues of morality relate simply to ‘intrinsic qualities of the mark itself’ rather than ‘circumstances relating to the conduct of the applicant’ or ‘the way in which the applicant uses the mark’
- The local company claimed that it had used the word Shangri-La as a company name, and that it had therefore acquired trade mark rights to it. The Tribunal rejected this claim. It said that there is a clear difference between a company registration and a trade mark registration. It went on to say that a company registration does not confer on the company the exclusive right to the use of the name under the trade mark legislation
This was an emphatic victory for the multinational.