These FAQ’s pertain to IP in general and South Africa in particular.

Seeking IP information on a specific country in Africa or the Caribbean? Find out more here.

Patents in Africa

Every pioneer needs a partner.

In a global marketplace that is increasingly competitive and characterised by exponential change, businesses must protect their inventions from use by others. You can achieve this by means of a patent. 

Patents in Africa may be obtained for novel and inventive processes, methods, machines, systems, devices, new materials or chemical compositions, but precise eligibility for patent protection varies from country to country. 

At Spoor & Fisher, our patent attorneys are experts on patentability requirements and procedures across primary patenting territories, with particular expertise in drafting, filing and prosecuting patent applications throughout Africa and the Caribbean

Our clients rely on our multi-disciplinary expertise and experience in handling patent matters across all technical areas and industries. 

We cover patents in Africa pre-filing advice and patentability searches; drafting patent specifications; filing and prosecuting patent applications, providing advice in relation to patenting strategies; and providing validity and infringement opinions. We also assist patent owners in managing their international patent portfolios.

In addition, we specialise in enforcement, revocation and restoration; transfer of ownership; licensing; and technology-based transactional matters.

Our patent attorneys are technical experts, and Spoor & Fisher clients have come to rely on our multi-disciplinary expertise and experience in handling patent matters across all technical fields and industries.

ARIPO and OAPI are very effective means for obtaining extensive protection in Africa.

South Africa, ARIPO (regional), OAPI (regional), Nigeria, Algeria

► Find out more about Filing, prosecuting, managing, and enforcing patents in Africa.

How Can We Help?
For more information on filing requirements, use our interactive Africa map and browse our FAQs


What is a patent?

A patent is an instrument that gives an owner an exclusive or monopoly right over an invention, which is a product or a process that provides a new way of doing something or offers a new technical solution to a problem.

The patent allows the owner to exclude others from, among other things, making, using, exercising, disposing of, offering to dispose of, or importing the invention.

Does my invention qualify for patent protection?

An invention can take a number of forms, including a process, a method, a machine, a device, a new material, a chemical compound or chemical composition. The precise requirements for patentability depend on the law of the country concerned. Generally speaking, to be eligible for patent protection, an invention must:

be new, in that it is not previously known anywhere in the world (novel);

not be an obvious variation on known technology (inventive); and

be capable of being applied in trade, industry or agriculture (useful).

If your invention meets these criteria, it’s likely to be patentable in most countries.

How can I tell if my invention meets the requirements for patentability?

Searches are conducted to determine if an invention is novel and inventive. The aim of the search is to identify what is referred to as “prior art”, which is technology or similar products/services that are already known. Identifying this prior art is a critical step in determining whether an invention is patentable and whether meaningful patent protection can be secured for the invention.

These searches can be conducted using a number of different sources:

the inventor’s knowledge in the field of the invention;

the internet;

keyword searches through the online records of Patent Offices;

keyword searches through the paper-based records of Patent Offices; and

technical literature.

These different types of searches vary in complexity, reliability and cost.

Should I patent my invention or keep it secret?

Once an invention has come into being, you’ll need to decide whether or not to protect it with a patent. There’s always an option not to file a patent application and to protect the invention by keeping it a secret, and this may be an appropriate strategy to follow in certain circumstances.

But this can only be done where the confidentiality of the invention can be preserved and the invention does not become self-evident from the product/service that is sold or used commercially. Also, if a competitor independently develops the same invention, you would have no mechanism to prevent him from dealing in that invention.

When can I use and tell others about my invention?

Even if you decide to file a patent application, it’s important to keep the invention confidential, at least until the first patent application has been filed.

This is because any prior non-confidential disclosure of the invention (even your own use or disclosure) may destroy the novelty of your invention.

All forms of non-confidential disclosure must be avoided, including the sale of products/services embodying the invention, the implementation of the invention for any purpose other than reasonable technical trial, the publication of articles about the invention, or the disclosing of the invention in communications to prospective customers and commercial partners.

Once the patent application has been filed, you can disclose the invention to others without prejudicing its novelty.

Meet the team

Spoor and Fisher Team - Lance Abramson

Lance Abramson


Spoor and Fisher Team - Tertia Beharie

Tertia Beharie


Spoor and Fisher Team - Dina Biagio

Dina Biagio


Spoor and Fisher Team - Lodewyk Cilliers

Lodewyk Cilliers

Partner, Chairperson of Executive Committee

Spoor and Fisher Team - David Cochrane

David Cochrane


Spoor and Fisher Team - Tyron Grant

Tyron Grant


Spoor and Fisher Team - Dirk Hanekom

Dirk Hanekom


Spoor and Fisher Team - Craig Kahn

Craig Kahn


Spoor and Fisher Team - Mark Kemp

Mark Kemp


Spoor and Fisher Team - John McKnight

Prof. John McKnight


Spoor and Fisher Team - Shanaaz Mahomed

Shanaaz Mahomed


Spoor and Fisher Team - Danie Pienaar

Danie Pienaar


Spoor and Fisher Team - Herman van Schalkwyk

Herman van Schalkwyk


Spoor and Fisher Team - Jonathan Whittaker

Jonathan Whittaker

Partner, Chairperson of the Partnership

Spoor and Fisher Team - Chyreene Truluck

Chyreene Truluck


Spoor and Fisher Team - Louw Steyn

Louw Steyn


Spoor and Fisher Team - Marco Vatta

Marco Vatta


Spoor and Fisher Team - Heather Donald

Heather Donald


Spoor and Fisher Team - Patrick O’Brien

Patrick O’Brien

Senior Associate